Biodegradable Packaging Compliant With EN 13432
The introduction of biodegradable packaging products is a baby step towards saving the planet. If your company is working out how to achieve the EN 13432 standard, finding suitable suppliers and products is vital.
The aim of this post is to simplify the key compliance factors and introduce you to some innovative biodegradable packaging products..
If you want help achieving the EN 13432 standard book a call with Rob Barker here at Chapelton.
EN 13432 – A Standard for Compostability
What exactly then is the point of standard EN 13432? In simple terms it is to ensure that packaging disintegrates and does not harm the environment. This standard was introduced in the year 2000 following the development of the EU Directive on Packaging waste. The purpose was to “address the environmental aspects of packaging and packing waste … and to prevent or reduce it’s impact on the environment.”
It was adopted by the UK and other EU member states, which is why you may see it published as BS EN 13432. The ‘BS’ prefix is simply the abbreviation of ‘British Standard.’
EN 13432 – Criteria
A set of criteria had to be put into place to define what that standard means. Officially it is worded as ‘Packaging products that conform to the ‘compostable’ criteria of the relevant standard’ They are suitable for composting and conform to the anaerobic digestion criteria method of organic recovery.
Meaning, it disappears into nothing and has minimal to zero effect on the environment around it.
Key tests and Pass/Fail criteria are as follows.
The packaging sample is mixed with organic waste and maintained under test scale composting conditions for 12 weeks. After 12 weeks no more than 10 % of material fragments can be larger than 2 mm.
A measure of the actual metabolic, microbial conversion, under composting conditions, of the packaging sample into water, carbon dioxide and new cell biomass. Within a maximum of 6 months, biodegradation of the test sample must generate an amount of carbon dioxide that is at least 90 % as much as the carbon dioxide given off from the control/reference material.
- Absence of any negative effect on the composting process.
- Low levels of heavy metals (potentially toxic elements) and no adverse effect of the quality of compost produced.
- The composted packaging material must not have adverse effects on the bulk density, pH, salinity (electrical conductivity), volatile solids, total nitrogen, total phosphorus, total magnesium, total potassium and ammonium nitrogen characteristics of the compost.
Only if a material passes every ‘compostable’ test requirement is it proven to be ‘compostable.’
Which Products Are EN 13432 compliant
You will find that most products which are EN 13432 compliant are food packaging, food storage or food waste products. A leading biodegradable packaging product which Chapelton works with is Bioska. Produced by Plastiroll in Finland, the family of products is very adaptable and is manufactured exclusively with wind power. Meaning it is eco friendly from the point of production, right through to end product.
Bioska 506 Biodegradable Packaging Film
Perfect for magazine wraps, flower wraps, packing vegetables, fruits and other food produce. The film is a clear, transparent bio-film. The film is easy to seal, printable and carries the European EN 13432 standard. The film’s breathable composition prevents condensation on the inner surface of the film, which means that fresh produce stays fresh for a longer.
The product’s mechanical properties can be tailored according to customer requirements by combining several bio materials.
Bioska Films have been independently certified by Vincotte as OK Compost.
Bioska Plus Home Compost Bags
These compost bags can degrade in correct conditions in as fast as 10 days. Home compost bags are made from Plastiroll’s new, faster-composting BioskaPlus material. BioskaPlus bio waste bags are widely used in European waste collecting. Bioska home compost bags have been tested by leading home compost manufacturer Biolan. The bags made of BioskaPlus material were found to degrade in low temperatures and home compost conditions.
Bioska Shopping Bags
A handy and durable alternative to the plastic shopping bag. These 100% biodegradable bags have been in production since 2007 and are being widely used in Europe.
Bioska products are manufactured in Finland exclusively with wind power. This reduces Plastiroll’s annual CO2 emissions by over 1,000 tons a year. Plastiroll utilise the waste heat generated in the production process by reusing it to heat their manufacturing facility.
How Bioska products can be used
If you are interested in finding out more about Bioska or any of our other biodegradable packaging, please contact Rob Barker to find out more.
You can also take a look at our plastic free brochure.